Plants perennial; not rhizomatous. Culms 80-150 cm, erect; nodes
9-20, glabrous, usually concealed by the leaf sheaths; internodes usually glabrous, sometimes hairy just below the nodes. Sheaths overlapping, densely to
moderately retrorsely pilose or glabrous over most of their surface, throats
and collars densely pilose; auricles
1-2.5 mm on most lower leaves; ligules
0.8-1.4 mm, hirsute, ciliate, truncate, erose; blades 20-30 cm long, 5-15 mm wide, flat, usually glabrous, rarely
pilose, with 2 prominent flanges at the collar. Panicles 10-22 cm, open, nodding; branches spreading to ascending. Spikelets 15-30 mm, elliptic to lanceolate, terete to moderately
laterally compressed, with 4-9 florets. Glumes
pubescent or glabrous; lower glumes
4-7.5 mm, 1(3)-veined; upper glumes
6-9 mm, 3-veined, sometimes mucronate; lemmas
8-14 mm, elliptic to lanceolate, rounded over the midvein, backs glabrous or pilose
to pubescent, margins long-pilose, apices obtuse to acute, entire; awns 3-4.5(7) mm, straight, arising
less than 1.5 mm below the lemma apices; anthers
2-3 mm. 2n = 14.
Bromus latiglumis grows in shaded or open woods, along stream banks,
and on alluvial plains and slopes. Its range is mainly in the north-central and
northeastern United States and adjacent Canadian provinces. Specimens with
decumbent, weak, sprawling culms, densely hairy sheaths, and heavy panicles can
be called Bromus latiglumis forma incanus (Shear) Fernald.
Much like no. 8 [Bromus pubescens Willd.]; lvs more numerous, commonly 8-20 per culm, the sheaths longer than the internodes, densely villous externally in a ring at the top; blades with 2 well developed basal flanges usually prolonged into auricles or short divergent spurs; anthers 1.5-2.2 mm. Moist woods; Me. to N.C., w. to Mont. and Okla. (B. altissimus)
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Infrequent throughout the state. This species seems to prefer dense shade and is found most often on wooded slopes along streams and in ravines, in fact, it is rarely found far distant from a stream. This species was separated from the form with densely pubescent sheaths by most authors but Hitchcock has united the two forms under this name.